World Health Organization (WHO)
(1948, Geneva; 194 member states; 8,500 staff; www.who.int)
Major UN agency concerned with disease and public health promotion; WHO operates 150 country offices in six different regions, researching and working on communicable diseases, noncommunicable diseases, environmental health, lifestyles, trauma care, emergency health issues, health policy.
In 2012, WHO defined its role in public health as follows:
- providing leadership on matters critical to health and engaging in partnerships where joint action is needed;
- shaping the research agenda and stimulating the generation, translation, and dissemination of valuable knowledge;
- setting norms and standards and promoting and monitoring their implementation;
- articulating ethical and evidence-based policy options;
- providing technical support, catalysing change, and building sustainable institutional capacity; and
- monitoring the health situation and assessing health trends.
- CRVS (Civil Registration and Vital Statistics) to provide monitoring of vital events (birth, death, marriage, divorce).
Leadership: Director-General Tedros Adhanom