International Energy Agency / IEA

Founding Year: 1974

Staff: 240

Budget: $27.8m

‌Fatih Birol (Executive Director)

An autonomous body within the OECD framework, seeking “to ensure reliable, affordable and clean energy” for all. The International Energy Agency examines the full spectrum of energy issues including oil, gas and coal supply and demand, renewable energy technologies, electricity markets, energy efficiency, access to energy, demand side management and much more. Major foci are energy security and energy poverty, energy development and carbon capture, environmental awareness and climate change, and engagement worldwide. IEA has 30 member countries.


  • Clean Energy Transitions Programme (CETP) – Leverages energy expertise across all fuels and technologies to accelerate global clean-energy transitions, particularly in major emerging economies. Includes collaborative analytical work, technical cooperation, training and capacity building and strategic dialogues.
  • Energy Efficiency in Emerging Economies (E4) – Works closely with six of the world’s largest emerging economies on energy efficiency.
  • Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) – Providing annual country-by-country data on access to electricity and clean cooking (SDG 7.1) and the main data source for tracking official progress towards SDG targets on renewables (SDG 7.2) and energy efficiency (SDG 7.3).
  • Electric Vehicles Initiative – A multi-government policy forum dedicated to accelerating the introduction and adoption of electric vehicles worldwide.
  • Technology Collaboration Programmes (TCPs) – Involves over 6,000 experts worldwide who represent nearly 300 public and private organizations located in 55 countries.



  • World Energy Outlook 2018 (Nov 2018) – This flagship annual report looks into the dynamic interplay of energy markets, technology, and policy (never more critical), explores different scenarios that model the future of the energy system, e.g., The Sustainable Development Scenario (SDS) outlines an integrated approach to achieving internationally agreed objectives on climate change, air quality and universal access to modern energy. The New Policies Scenario (NPS) incorporates existing energy policies as well as an assessment of the results likely to stem from the implementation of announced policy intentions.
  • Energy Technology Perspectives (2017, 443p.) – Outlook scenarios to 2050 for different scenarios. Annual since 2008.
  • Global Energy Review 2020: The impacts of the COVID-19 crisis on global energy demand and CO2 emissions (April 2020, 56p) – A flagship report by the International Energy Agency in “response to the exceptional circumstances” of COVID-19 its coverage includes real-time analysis of current developments.



International Energy Agency / IEA contributes to the following Sustainable Development Goals

  • SDG 1 - No Poverty
    Calls for an end to poverty globally by 2030 and promotes increased access to basic services and social protection.
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  • SDG 2 - Zero Hunger
    Aims to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
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  • SDG 3 - Good Health and Well Being
    Aims to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages, by reducing mortality rates and increasing access to equitable health care for men and women.
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  • SDG 4 - Quality Education
    Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.
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  • SDG 5 - Gender Equality
    Aims to end gender discrimination in all forms and promote equal opportunity for all women and girls in terms of education, career, and sexual/reproductive rights.
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  • SDG 6 -Clean Water and Sanitisation
    Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all by promoting global access to adequate sanitation and hygiene.
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  • SDG 7 - Affordable and Clean Energy
    Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all by promoting affordable and reliable energy sources.
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  • SDG 8 -Decent Work and Economic Growth
    Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
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  • SDG 9 - Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
    Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.  
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  • SDG 10 - Reduced Inequalities
    Aims to achieve economic growth by reducing inequalities regarding social, economic and political opportunities and freedoms.
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  • SDG 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities
    Aims to promote the globalization of sustainable cities and communities in turn providing universal safe and affordable housing.
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  • SDG 12 - Responsible Consumption and Production
    Aims to create responsible and sustainable practices involving consumption and production through efficiently using natural resources.
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  • SDG 13 - Climate Action
    Calls to take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts through global awareness, education, and integration into government policies.
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  • SDG 14 - Life Below Water
    Calls to conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development and prevent and reduce marine pollution in order to protect ecosystems and achieve healthy oceans.
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  • SDG 15 - Life on Land
    Aims to protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.
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  • SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
    Aims to promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels. Calls to reduce all forms of violence and deaths related to violence and to end abuse and exploitation
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  • SDG 17 - Partnerships for the Goals
    Aims to strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development by mobilizing domestic resources in order to provide support for developing countries.
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