International Energy Agency / IEA

Founding Year: 1974

Staff: 240

Budget: $27.8m

‌Fatih Birol (Executive Director)

An autonomous body within the OECD framework, seeking “to ensure reliable, affordable and clean energy” for all. The International Energy Agency examines the full spectrum of energy issues including oil, gas and coal supply and demand, renewable energy technologies, electricity markets, energy efficiency, access to energy, demand side management and much more. Major foci are energy security and energy poverty, energy development and carbon capture, environmental awareness and climate change, and engagement worldwide. IEA has 30 member countries.


  • Clean Energy Transitions Programme (CETP) – Leverages energy expertise across all fuels and technologies to accelerate global clean-energy transitions, particularly in major emerging economies. Includes collaborative analytical work, technical cooperation, training and capacity building and strategic dialogues.
  • Energy Efficiency in Emerging Economies (E4) – Works closely with six of the world’s largest emerging economies on energy efficiency.
  • Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) – Providing annual country-by-country data on access to electricity and clean cooking (SDG 7.1) and the main data source for tracking official progress towards SDG targets on renewables (SDG 7.2) and energy efficiency (SDG 7.3).
  • Electric Vehicles Initiative – A multi-government policy forum dedicated to accelerating the introduction and adoption of electric vehicles worldwide.
  • Technology Collaboration Programmes (TCPs) – Involves over 6,000 experts worldwide who represent nearly 300 public and private organizations located in 55 countries.



    • World Energy Outlook 2021 (Oct 2021) – This report provides a valuable guide to the “opportunities, benefits and risks ahead” against the backdrop of a vital moment for clean energy transitions; the Glasgow COP26 conference on climate change.
    • World Energy Outlook 2018 (Nov 2018) – This flagship annual report looks into the dynamic interplay of energy markets, technology, and policy (never more critical), explores different scenarios that model the future of the energy system, e.g., The Sustainable Development Scenario (SDS) outlines an integrated approach to achieving internationally agreed objectives on climate change, air quality and universal access to modern energy. The New Policies Scenario (NPS) incorporates existing energy policies as well as an assessment of the results likely to stem from the implementation of announced policy intentions.
    • The Power of Transformation (2014, 200p.) – Wind, Sun and the Economics of Flexible Power Systems
    • Transition to Sustainable Buildings (2013, 290p.) – Strategies and Opportunities to 2050
    • Energy Technology Perspectives (2017, 443p.) – Outlook scenarios to 2050 for different scenarios. Annual since 2008.
    • Global Energy Review 2020: The impacts of the COVID-19 crisis on global energy demand and CO2 emissions (April 2020, 56p) – A flagship report by the International Energy Agency in “response to the exceptional circumstances” of COVID-19 its coverage includes real-time analysis of current developments.



International Energy Agency / IEA contributes to the following Sustainable Development Goals

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