Arctic Council (1996, Tromso, Norway; 15 staff;

A high-level intergovernmental forum to provide a means for “promoting cooperation, coordination and interaction among the Arctic States, with the involvement of the Arctic Indigenous communities and other Arctic inhabitants on common Arctic issues; in particular, issues of sustainable development and environmental protection in the Arctic.” Includes 8 (charter) Member states*, 12 non-Arctic Observer States, 9 Intergovernmental and Inter-Parliamentary Organizations with observer status, and 11 Non-government organizations with observer status in the Arctic Council. In 1991, these member states established in accordance with the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy a number of Working Groups aiming to facilitate the discussion about the severity of environmental challenges in the Arctic and how to formulate appropriate responses to them.
*Member states: Canada, the Kingdom of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, the Russian Federation, Sweden and the United States.

Working Groups:



Leadership: Nina Buvang Vaaja (Director of the Secretariat)
Note: Pressure is increasing for the Arctic Council to address security issues re: national defense and homeland security, but no mention of Arctic methane. DH