1981, Friday Harbor, WA; Paul Watson “captain”
(1981, Friday Harbor, WA, USA; est. in 1977 as Earth Force Society, Vancouver; www.seashepherd.org).
Original mandate of both organizations was marine mammal protection and conservation with an immediate goal of shutting down illegal whaling and sealing operations, later expanding its mission to include all marine wildlife. Sea Shepherd has embarked on over 200 voyages covering many of the world’s oceans and defending and saving defenseless marine life all along the way. In 1993, Watson published Earthforce: An Earth Warrior’s Guide to Strategy. Publishes annual newsletter, Sea Shepherd Log. Sea Shepherd ‘Captain’: Paul Watson.