1970, HSFK/PRIF; 70 staff
(1970, Frankfurt; www.hsfk.de/PRIF.13.0.html?&no_cache=1&L=1)
Created as a public foundation with full academic freedom by the State of Hesse, PRIF is the largest peace research institute in Germany. “PRIF´s work is directed towards identifying the causes of violent international and internal conflicts, carrying out research into the conditions necessary for peace, understood as a process of decreasing violence and increasing justice, and spreading the concepts of peace.” It places a regional focus on the Balkans, the Middle East, and Asia. Four frames of reference: 1) International system structures as universal and regional conditions for conflict (conflict potential produced by interaction structures and distribution patterns; e.g., flow of information, capital and trade; extent of interdependence, communication opportunities, technology, international organizations, international stratification); 2) International politics: situation-specific conflict potential and conflict processes (armament/disarmament, economic interests, development problems, security issues, socio-historic antagonism); 3) National conflict potential and the social conditions of conflict (national and cultural behavior traditions, socio-economic systems and rule, class and group-specific interests, public opinion and mass media, socialization); 4) Foreign policy decision processes and strategies (influence from social forces and administrations, external influences, diplomacy).
Six research departments: 1) International Security and World Order, on comparing state security policies; 2) International Institutions, on the institutional conditions of just peace; 3) Private Actors in the Transnational Sphere, on the role of NGOs as advocates of normative orders and transnational corporations; 4) Governance and Societal Peace. on aspects of peace related to the domestic realm; 5) Information and Knowledge Transfer, concerned with all PRIF activities to serve the scientific community and the public at large; and 6) Non-Program-Bound Research, comprised of two research groups “Cultural Dynamics of Political Globalization” and “Conflict and Normative Change: Norm Conflicts in Global Governance”. Each research department engages in a variety of projects, all of which publish reports downloadable from the website. Staff: >80; Executive Director: Prof Harald Müller.