(1996, Tromso, Norway; www.arctic-council.org).
A high-level intergovernmental forum to provide a means for promoting cooperation, coordination and interaction among the Arctic States, with the involvement of the Arctic Indigenous communities and other Arctic inhabitants on common Arctic issues; in particular, issues of sustainable development and environmental protection in the Arctic. Includes 8 (charter) Member states, 12 non-Arctic Observer States, 9 Intergovernmental and Inter-Parliamentary Organizations with observer status, and 11 Non-government organizations with observer status in the Arctic Council. Chair: 2013-2015 – Canada. [Note: Pressure is increasing for the Arctic Council to address security issues re: national defense and homeland security, but no mention of Arctic methane. DH]